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I will definitely be using your company in the future if needed. Lisa kept me at ease also there were no grey areas with great advice. Helana is a great front of house.
My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Is Catfishing Illegal? (WA)
Catfishing itself is not illegal but elements of the activity could be proscribed by legislation in Western Australia. Catfishing is the act of using a fake online profile to befriend a vulnerable person and scam them into providing money in the promise of love or a relationship. The money is almost impossible to recover and there is often long-lasting psychological damage to victims. Studies have shown those most at risk are usually intelligent, financially comfortable, middle to older-aged adults, who are lonely, isolated and vulnerable to approaches for love or friendship.
The Typical Stages Of Catfishing
The “catfish” uses a fictional name or steals the identity of a real, trusted person such as a professional working abroad or a military officer, to set up a fake profile on an online dating website or social media. The person promotes strong emotional attachment with the victim in a short period of time, then suggest contact is moved from a secure website to a more private channel such as instant messaging or email. They then establish an “exclusive” relationship with the victim, with intense and frequent communication, and they often declare love for the victim.
After the catfish has cultivated trust between the parties and created a sense of obligation from the victim, requests for money or banking details from the victim are made. The perpetrator sometimes claims they will visit the victim but can do this only if the victim pays for the travel. Requests for small amounts of money generally switch to large amounts, prompted by a story of tragic or desperate circumstances such as unexpected hospital bills, theft of personal documents, or being stranded overseas.
Offences Linked To Catfishing
Catfishing can encompass a range of offences across several sections of the Criminal Code Compilation Act 1913 (‘the Code’). Some of these are outlined below.
The offence of fraud in Western Australia is defined under s 409 of the Code.
The provision states a person is guilty of a crime if they, with intent to defraud, by deceit or any fraudulent means:
- obtain property from a person; or
- induce a person to deliver property to another person; or
- gain a benefit, financial or otherwise, for any person; or
- causes a detriment, financial or otherwise, to any person; or
- induce any person to do something they are lawfully entitled to abstain from doing; or
- induce any person to abstain from doing something they are lawfully entitled to do.
Penalties range from 2 years to 10 years imprisonment, plus fines.
The offence of stalking is defined under s 338E of the Code as when a person “pursues another person with intent to intimidate that person or a third person”.
“Pursue” includes to:
- Repeatedly communicate with a person, whether directly or indirectly and whether in words or otherwise;
- Repeatedly follow the person;
- Repeatedly cause the person to receive unsolicited items;
- Watch, visit or approach someone’s home or workplace;
- Whether or not repeatedly, to do any of the above acts in breach of a restraining order or bail condition.
“Intimidate” includes to cause physical or mental harm, apprehension or fear; or to prevent or hinder someone from doing something, or to compel someone to do something they are lawfully entitled to abstain from doing.
Penalties range from 12 months to 8 years imprisonment, plus fines
The offence of property laundering is defined under s 563A of the Code. It states a person who engages, directly or indirectly, in a transaction that involves, or receives, possesses, conceals, disposes of, or deals with any money or other property that is the proceeds of an offence, is guilty of a crime. The person is liable for up to 20 years imprisonment.
Sometimes a catfish will send laptops or mobile phones to a victim with a request for the items to be sent elsewhere. Or they will ask instead for the victim to buy the goods and send them somewhere. Another catfishing tactic is to have the victim accept money into their account and transfer it on the catfish’s behalf. This can sometimes be accompanied with a promise to repay “administrative fees” or “taxes” or an offer to share in the profits destined to flow from the transfer.
Those who have accepted or transferred money via catfishing may have unwittingly committed a crime such as money laundering. They may also have placed themselves in danger by unknowingly becoming part of an international criminal network.
A catfish can use fraud to engage in sexual activity. More serious charges apply if the conduct involves children. Under s 204B of the Act, it is an offence to use electronic communication to procure for sexual activity, or expose to indecent matter, a child under 16. The offence carries a penalty of 5 years imprisonment if the child is aged under 16, and 10 years imprisonment if the child is aged under 13.
The establishment of a fake online profile can carry liability for a range of charges, such as defamation and infringement of intellectual property.
The offence of criminal defamation is covered by s 345 of the Code. It states a person who, without lawful excuse, publishes defamatory matter about another person, knowing the matter is false, or without having regard to whether the matter is true or false, and with the intent to cause serious harm or ignorant to the fact that it will cause serious harm, is guilty of a crime and liable to 3 years imprisonment.
Catfishing can also involve violations of intellectual property laws; for instance, when the catfish uses copyright material, such as a stolen photo or uses a false document or forgery to set up a fake identity.
If you need help to deal with internet fraud or any legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
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