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With a cramped time frame, she did in 3 days what another firm dilly-dallied for 7 months. Lisa kept me informed. Helena made me feel comfortable in a sticky situation.
I will definitely be using your company in the future if needed. Lisa kept me at ease also there were no grey areas with great advice. Helana is a great front of house.
My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Child Exploitation Material (Qld)
Child exploitation material (child pornography) is illegal in Queensland and there are various criminal offences relating to possessing, producing or distributing it. The Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 was recently amended so that courts are now obliged to impose a sentence of imprisonment for child exploitation material offences unless there are exceptional circumstances.
What is child exploitation material?
Child exploitation material is material that, in a way that is likely to cause offence to a reasonable adult, describes or depicts a person, or is a representation of a person, who is, or appears to be under 16 years old:
- in a sexual context – for example, engaging in sexual activity; or
- in an offensive or demeaning context; or
- being subjected to abuse, cruelty or torture.
For the police to prove the offence of possessing child exploitation material was committed, they must prove each element of the charge beyond a reasonable doubt. Specifically, they must prove:
1. The defendant possessed child exploitation material. Possession involves custody or control of the thing and /or the right to obtain custody or control of the thing.
2. The defendant knowingly had the material in their possession.
“Material” includes videos, photographs, drawings, words, stories, and cartoons.
Penalty for child exploitation material
The maximum penalty for possessing child exploitation material is 14 years imprisonment.
On 14 September 2020, the Penalties and Sentences Act was amended to state that when a court sentences a defendant for possessing child exploitation material, “a sentence of actual imprisonment must be imposed unless there are exceptional circumstances”.
Child exploitation material: What are exceptional circumstances?
Unfortunately, there is no definition of what the term “exceptional circumstances” means. Each case will therefore be determined on its own merits and will be subject to interpretation and judgement by the presiding judicial officer.
The court has previously accepted that if the offending is of a very low level, a finding of exceptional circumstances may be made. Generally, all of the circumstances of a particular case will need to be explored in order to determine whether the offender should avoid an actual custodial sentence ofr a child exploitation material offence.
The Court of Appeal has noted that
“When undertaking such an assessment, it should not be thought that a combination of circumstances, none of which is individually exceptional, can never be regarded as exceptional, because it may be that it is only in combination that particular circumstances take on an exceptional quality.”
The court also said that it would always be a discretionary matter for each Judge.
Factors the court must consider
In imposing an appropriate sentence and determining whether there are exceptional circumstances in a child exploitation material matter, the court must have regard to a number of factors set out in the legislation including:
- The nature of the material, including the apparent age of the child involved and any activity shown;
- The need to deter similar behaviour by other offenders in order to protect children;
- The accused’s prospects of rehabilitation including the availability of any medical or psychiatric treatment to cause them to behave in a way acceptable to the community;
- The offender’s antecedents, age and character;
- Any remorse or lack of remorse;
- Any medical, psychiatric, prison or other relevant report relating to the offender;
- Anything else relating to the safety of children under 16 that the sentencing court considers relevant.
In determining the appropriate sentence for a child exploitation material offence, the court will consider the total number of images and videos and the classification or category of each image or video.
The Oliver Scale
For years, the police have used the “Oliver scale” to categorise chil exploitation material. The police would review the material and provide a report outlining the number of images that make each of the relevant categories.
Categories from 1-6 are used (with 1 being the least serious and 5 being the worst)
The Oliver scale categories are as follows:
- No sexual activity
- sexual acts between children
- adult/child not penetrative
- adult/child penetrative
- bestiality / sadism
- animated / cartoons
Interpol Baseline Scale
More recently the police have adopted a new classification process known as Interpol Baseline Scale (IBS). This report includes 2 categories. Category 1 (real child under 13 with focus on genitals) and Category 2 (under 16, sexual activity, including written or animated child exploitation material).
Child Protection Offender Register
If a person is found guilty of any child exploitation material offence, they can be required to be subject to the Child Protection Offender Register. This national scheme requires persons who have been convicted of particular offending against children to keep police informed of their personal details for a period of time after the offending whilst they are in the community.
A reportable offender must report his or her personal details to police quarterly in the months of February, May, August and November. A reportable offender must report to police any change to his or her personal details within a certain period after the change occurs. Depending on the change, the report needs to be made either 24 hours or 7 days after the change occurs.
The duration of the reporting is generally between 5 and 10 years and will be determined based on the number and type of reportable offences for which the person was found guilty.
Failure to comply with the above reporting obligations or knowingly providing false or misleading information is punishable by a fine of up to 300 penalty units or 5 years imprisonment.
All information contained in the register will be treated in a strictly confidential manner and will only be used for very strict purposes. The details will not be made available to the public.
If you require legal advice or representation in any legal matter please contact Armstrong Legal.
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