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My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Human trafficking is a global problem and Australia is a well-known destination for trafficked people from countries such as Thailand, Malaysia and the Philippines. The extent of human trafficking in Australia is difficult to measure, however, because it is often hidden or likely unreported. Commonwealth laws that criminalise human trafficking are found in the Criminal Code Act 1995.
The offence defined
The offence of trafficking occurs when a person:
- organises and facilitates the entry or proposed entry, or the receipt, of another person into Australia; and
- uses coercion, threat or deception;
- by using that coercion, threat or deception, obtains the other person’s consent for the entry, proposed entry or receipt.
It is also committed when a person organises or facilitates another person’s exit or proposed exit from Australia in the same way, and when the first person is reckless about whether the other person will be exploited after that entry, exit or receipt.
Exploitation is defined as the conduct of forcing a trafficked person into:
- slavery, or a condition similar to slavery;
- forced labour;
- forced marriage;
- debt bondage.
A person will also be guilty of trafficking if they deceive the other person about the fact that the purpose of the other person’s entry, exit or receipt is to provide sexual services, or to be exploited, or that the other person’s travel or identity documents will be confiscated.
The maximum penalty is imprisonment for 12 years.
Human trafficking is different to people smuggling, which is the organised, illegal movement of people across borders, usually under a payment-for-service arrangement.
Trafficking for sexual services
A person commits a trafficking offence if they organise or facilitate the entry, proposed entry, receipt, exit or proposed exit, of another person into or out of Australia and there is an arrangement for the second person to provide sexual services in Australia.
The offence involves the person deceiving the other person about:
- the nature of the sexual services to be provided;
- the extent of the other person’s freedom to:
- leave the place where the person provides the sexual services;
- stop providing sexual services;
- leave their place of residence;
- whether there is a debt owed, and the amount, connected to the provision of sexual services.
The maximum penalty is imprisonment for 12 years.
The offence will be an aggravated offence if in committing the offence, a person:
- intends for the victim to be exploited;
- subjects the victim to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment;
- engages in conduct that risks death or serious harm to the victim or another person, and is reckless about the risk.
The maximum penalty for an aggravated offence is imprisonment for 20 years.
Trafficking of children
If the victim of trafficking is aged under 18, and the child is to be exploited or used for sexual services, the maximum penalty is imprisonment for 25 years.
Trafficking can also be committed when a person is transported within Australia to be exploited or used for sexual services. The maximum penalty is imprisonment for 12 years, or 20 years for an aggravated offence.
Removal of organs
A person commits an organ trafficking offence if they organise or facilitate the entry, proposed entry, receipt, exit or proposed exit, of another person into or out of Australia, or transport them within Australia, and the first person is reckless about whether this will result in the removal of an organ from the other person.
The removal of the person’s organ is illegal if:
- the removal or agreement for removal contravenes the law of the state or territory where it is, or is to be, carried out; or
- neither the victim or their guardian consents to the removal and there is no medical or therapeutic need for the removal.
The maximum penalty is imprisonment for 12 years.
Harbouring a victim
If a person harbours, receives or hides a victim, and this helps a third person commit a trafficking offence, the first person commits an offence. The maximum penalty is imprisonment for 4 years, or 7 years if the victim is aged under 18.
During court proceedings for a trafficking offence, the court can consider factors such as:
- the economic relationship between the victim, offender or their family members, and any other person;
- the terms of any written or oral agreement between the victim, offender or their family members, and any other person;
- the personal circumstances of the victim, such as:
- whether they are entitled to be in Australia under migration law;
- their English language proficiency;
- the extent of their social or physical dependence on the offender or any other person.
For advice or representation in any legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
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