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My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Motor Vehicles Searches (Qld)
The Queensland police do not have the automatic right to search a person’s car. Section 60 of the Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000 (PPRA) allows a police officer to require a person in control of a vehicle to stop the vehicle for a prescribed purpose. A prescribed purpose includes conducting a breath test or a saliva test. It is quite common for police to stop vehicles for this purpose. In some circumstances, the police may wish to conduct a motor vehicle search. Usually, the police officer will ask the driver if they can search the car and if they agree then they have consented to the search.
Motor vehicle searches without consent
If a driver does not consent to a motor vehicle search, then Section 31 of the PPRA provides that a police officer who has a reasonable suspicion of any of the prescribed circumstances for searching a vehicle without a warrant may do any of the following:
(a) Stop the vehicle;
(b) Detain the vehicle and the occupants of the vehicle;
(c) Search the vehicle and anything in it for anything relevant to the circumstances for which the vehicle and its occupants are detained.
What are the prescribed circumstances for searching a vehicle?
Section 32 of the PPRA details the prescribed circumstances for a motor vehicle search without a warrant. One of those prescribed circumstances, and in our experience the most common ground, is that the police reasonably suspect that there is an unlawful dangerous drug in the vehicle. Reasonably suspects means suspects on grounds that are reasonable in the circumstance.
What this means is that if the police ask to conduct a motor vehicle search and the driver does not agree and the police proceed to carry out the search anyway, they will have to satisfy the court that they had a reasonable suspicion of a specific offence. If the court finds that a suspicion held was not reasonable, the evidence found as a result of the search may be excluded from evidence at the hearing. A simple example of this is where the police stop a person for a random breath test and decided to search their car because they appeared nervous. This would be unlikely to be found to amount to a reasonable suspicion to search the car for an offence relating to possession of dangerous drugs.
Bunning v Cross
However, if a motor vehicle search is found to have been unlawful the court is still required to consider whether it should exercise its discretion and admit the evidence. This is known as the rule in Bunnings v Cross.
In the 2010 case of R v Munck, Philippides J summarised this discretion as follows.
“Th[e] discretion calls for a balance to be struck between competing public interests which in essence may be summarized as:
“…The desirable goal of bringing to conviction the wrongdoer and the undesirable effect of curial approval or even encouragement being given to the unlawful conduct of those whose task it is to enforce the law (Bunning and Cross (1979) 141 CLR 54,74).”
In deciding whether to exercise this discretion the court must consider the following:
(a) whether the unlawfulness was a deliberate or reckless disregard of the law, as distinct from a mere oversight or accidental non-compliance with the law;
(b) the cogency of the evidence and whether the nature of the illegality affects the cogency of the evidence so obtained;
(c) the importance of the evidence in the proceeding;
(d) the nature and seriousness of the offence;
(e) the nature of the unlawful conduct;
(f) whether such conduct is encouraged or tolerated by those in higher authority in the police force; and
(g) how easy it would have been to comply with the law.
Usually, these matters are dealt with as applications to exclude evidence in a criminal proceeding. There is no certainty in the outcome because it will turn entirely on findings of fact by the court. In saying that, you will always protect your interests by asking to talk to a lawyer before you consent to a motor vehicle search.
If you require legal advice or representation in relation to a motor vehicle search or in any legal matter please contact Armstrong Legal.
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