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My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Treason is an ancient offence usually associated with war. It involves a person betraying their country, especially by attempting to kill or overthrow the sovereign or government. Prosecutions for treason are rare but terrorist acts in the 21st century have returned the offence to the spotlight and led to amendments to the Commonwealth Criminal Code. The maximum penalty for all types of treason in Australia is imprisonment for life.
Section 80 of the Code states a person commits treason if they:
- harm, imprison, detain, restrain or cause the death of the Sovereign, the heir apparent of the Sovereign, the consort of the Sovereign, the Governor-General or the Prime Minister;
- start a war or prepare to start a war against the Commonwealth;
- incite a non-citizen to make an armed invasion of the Commonwealth or a Territory of the Commonwealth.
Treason is also committed by a person who:
- helps another person who has committed treason to escape punishment or apprehension;
- does not inform police within reasonable time of the planning of a treason offence, or take reasonable steps to prevent that offence.
Assisting an enemy
Under the Code, a person also commits treason if they help an enemy to engage in armed conflict. Section 80.1AA states the offence involves a person who is an Australian citizen or resident engaging in conduct that will materially assist the enemy in armed conflict against the Commonwealth or Australian Defence Force. This does not apply to conduct that is solely to provide humanitarian aid.
“Materially assist” is intended to include providing money or goods, and assistance that is more than trivial.
The offence of assisting the enemy by treason was introduced in 2002 in a bid to address the issue of Australians fighting with terrorist forces. The Australian Federal Police stated:
“ … the new offence takes into consideration the increasing changes in global and political circumstances in relation to terrorism. The enhanced treason offence is required to ensure that Australians in armed conflict with a terrorist organisation, such as Al-Qa’ida, can be dealt with under Australian law, where life imprisonment is the penalty. The extended jurisdiction of the offence means that an Australian committing treason as a member of a terrorist organisation against the Commonwealth of Australia, whether within or outside of Australia can be captured under the legislation”.
The offence of treason has been legislated by some states.
In Victoria, treason can be found at section 9A of the Crimes Act 1958, worded in a similar way to the Commonwealth Code.
In Tasmania, treason can be found at section 56 of the Criminal Code Act 1924. The language reflects the heritage of the statute. Treason is defined as being committed by any person who, for instance:
- “kills the King, or does him any bodily harm tending to his death, or maim or wounding, or imprisonment or restraint”;
- “levies war against the King –
- with intent to depose him from the style, honour and royal name of the Imperial Crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or of any other of His Majesty’s dominions;
- in order by force or constraint to compel the King to change his measures or counsels, or in order to put any force or constraint upon, or in order to intimidate or overawe, any House of Parliament or any of His Majesty’s dominions”;
- “violates, whether with her consent or not, a Queen consort, or the wife of the eldest son if the heir apparent for the time being of the King”.
The Act also defines a person as being guilty of treason when that person:
- is an accessory after the fact to treason;
- conceals treason;
- forms a plan to depose the King, levy war against the King, or “instigate any foreigner to make an armed invasion of any of His Majesty’s dominions”.
It also contains a treason crime of “inciting mutiny”, committed when a person attempts to “seduce any person serving in His Majesty’s forces by sea or land from his duty and allegiance to His Majesty”, or incite anyone to commit or plan a “traitorous or mutinous act”.
In South Australia, treason can be found in section 7 of the Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935. It provides that anyone who “compasses, imagines, invents, devises or intends” to:
- “deprive or depose His Majesty” of power;
- levy war against her Majesty;
- by force or constraint, to compel her Majesty to “change her measures or counsels”;
- force or constrain, or intimidate or overawe, federal or state parliament;
- “move or stir any foreigner or stranger with force” to invade any of Her Majesty’s dominions or countries;
and that person “expresses, utters or declares” this by publishing or speaking or any overt act or deed, will be guilty of treason.
For advice or representation in any legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
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