Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Fraud Offences (NSW)
In New South Wales, fraud offences are governed by Part 4AA of the Crimes Act 1900. These offences are considered very serious and all carry a maximum penalty of a term of imprisonment, ranging from five to seven years. Fraud offences may be finalised in the Local Court or in the District Court, at the prosecutor or defendant’s election, on assessment of the severity of the charge. One major factor in determining whether an offence under this Part is to be finalised in the Local or the District Court will be the amount of money or the value of the property the charge relates to.
Fraud offences involve an element of dishonesty, and a party being financially disadvantaged. It is not uncommon for offences under this Part to be charged with respect to large sums of money, or property of high value. Parliament’s view is that these offences have ongoing and wide-reaching ramifications for businesses as well as the wider community. It is for that reason that they attract such high maximum penalties.
In New South Wales, the offence of fraud is committed where a person obtains property from another by a dishonest act of deception. It is important to note that a person does not commit the offence of fraud unless the deception was intentional or reckless. A person does not commit this offence by obtaining or intending to obtain property belonging to another unless the person intends to permanently deprive the other of the property.
Below are some common terms used when discussing fraud.
Cause financial disadvantage
“Cause” a financial disadvantage means:
(a) cause a financial disadvantage to another person, or
(b) induce a third person to do something that results in another person suffering a financial disadvantage, whether the financial disadvantage is permanent or temporary.
Deception means any deception, by words or other conduct, as to fact or as to law, including:
(a) a deception as to the intentions of the person using the deception or any other person, or
(b) conduct by a person that causes a computer, a machine or any electronic device to make a response that the person is not authorised to cause it to make.
Dishonesty means dishonest according to the standards of ordinary people and known by the defendant to be dishonest according to the standards of ordinary people.
A person “obtains property” if:
(a) the person obtains ownership, possession or control of the property for himself or herself or for another person, or
(b) the person enables ownership, possession or control of the property to be retained by himself or herself or by another person, or
(c) the person induces a third person to do something that results in the person or another person obtaining or retaining ownership, possession or control of the property.
Obtaining a financial advantage
“Obtain” a financial advantage includes:
(a) obtain a financial advantage for oneself or for another person, and
(b) induce a third person to do something that results in oneself or another person obtaining a financial advantage, and
(c) keep a financial advantage that one has, whether the financial advantage is permanent or temporary.
A person obtaining property belonging to another without meaning the other permanently to lose the thing itself has, nevertheless, the intention of permanently depriving the other of it if the person’s intention is to treat the thing as his or her own to dispose of regardless of the other’s rights. Borrowing or lending of the property may amount to so treating it if, but only if, the borrowing or lending is for a period and in circumstances making it equivalent to an outright taking or disposal.
“Property belongs” to a person if:
(a) the person has possession or control of the property, or
(b) the person has a proprietary right or interest in the property (not being an equitable interest arising only from an agreement to transfer or grant an interest or from a constructive trust).
The below pages outline the fraud offences contained in Part 4AA of the Crimes Act relating to fraud and set out what must be proven to find a person guilty of these offences as well as the maximum penalties applicable and examples of each offence.
If you have been charged with fraud offences, it is imperative that you seek expert legal advice promptly.
Fraud offences in New South Wales
- Obtain Benefit By Deception (NSW)
- Intention to Defraud by Destroying or Concealing Accounting Records (NSW)
- Intention to Defraud by False of Misleading Statement (NSW)
- Intention to Deceive Members or Creditors by False or Misleading Statement of Officer of Organisation (NSW)
Fraud alleged to have been committed after February 2010
Extensive changes were made in respect to fraud offences in NSW in 2010. More than 30 offences were replaced with five offences. For detailed information on fraud offences committed after February 2010, see the articles below:
- Fraud Offence
- Dishonest Destruction of an Accounting Record
- Make Dishonest Statements
- Dishonest Statements with Intent to Deceive Members
- Corrupt Commissions
Fraud alleged to have been committed before February 2010
As many large scale fraud operations are often discovered many years after the alleged fraud is committed, the old legislation remains relevant. For offences allegedly committed before February 2010, see the articles below.
- Make False Instrument (NSW)
- Use False Instrument (NSW)
- Obtain Benefit by Deception (NSW)
- Obtain Credit by Fraud (NSW)
- Embezzlement (NSW)
- False Pretences (NSW)
- Fraudulent Misappropriation (NSW)
- Obtaining Property by Deception (NSW)
- Directors Wilfully Destroying Books (NSW)
- Obtain Money by Misleading Statements (NSW)
If you require legal advice or representation in any legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
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WHERE TO NEXT?
If you suspect that you may be under investigation, or if you have been charged with an offence, it is vital to get competent legal advice as early as possible. Our lawyers are highly specialised in criminal law and will be able to guide you through the process while dealing with the various authorities related to your matter.
WHY CHOOSE ARMSTRONG LEGAL?
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