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I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
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Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
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I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
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Theft in Victoria
The Offence of Theft
The offence of theft occurs when a person dishonestly appropriates property belonging to another person with the intention of permanently depriving the other person of it.
‘Appropriation’ includes any assumption by a person of the rights of an owner of the property. A person appropriates property if they do something with the property which only the owner of the property would have the right to do, for example, letting another person borrow the property. This applies even where you have come by the property innocently and you later assume the rights of an owner.
A dishonest appropriation occurs where a person obtains property dishonestly without having any belief that they have a legal right to the property. An appropriation of another’s property can be dishonest even if you or another person were willing to pay for the property.
What Actons Might Constitute Theft?
For an offence under this provision to have occured, the property taken must be something tangible and must have some value. For example, it could include a cheque or even gas but would not include information.
The theft must be of property that lawfully belonged to someone else, that is from someone who had possession of the item. In some cases, people who do not ‘own’ something may still have the right to lawfully possess it. Alternatively, courts have also found that prohibited drugs can be subject to larceny though the person has no legal right to possess the drug.
Intending to return the property, or money or other property of equal value at a later time is not a defence if you or someone else has received a benefit. For example, if the item is taken from a store with the intention of returning it to claim a refund.
Property can include, but is not limited to:
- Personal property
- Motor vehicles or aircrafts
- Confidential information of a company
- Electricity or gas
- Cheques or bank accounts
- Animals, including wild creatures
- Land or things forming part of land, where you do not have the specific authority to do so, such as a trustee, personal representative or a liquidator of a company.
What the Police Must Prove
To find a person guilty of theft, the prosecution must prove each of the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt:
- They appropriated property;
- That belonged to another person;
- They had the intention to permanently deprive the owner of the property; and
- They had a dishonest state of mind.
Possible Defences for Theft
A person charged with theft can defend the charge by arguing:
- That they had a legal right to deprive the owner of the property;
- That they would have had the owners consent if the owner knew they were appropriating the property; or
- That the owner of the property cannot be discovered by taking reasonable steps, such as notifying the police.
Which court will hear your matter?
This will depend on the value of the property that has been appropriated.
Where the value of the amount stolen is under $100,000 your case may be heard summarily in the Magistrates Court, provided the consent of the accused and the prosecution is obtained.
If the value of the amount stolen is over $100,000, your matter will be heard in the County Court or Supreme Court.
Diversion for Theft – Case Study
Our client was charged with three separate counts of theft. It was alleged that our client stole clothes and other items from an exclusive store in Melbourne. The charges alleged that she tried clothes on and then left the store wearing the various items. According to the police brief of evidence, our client did this on three separate days.
On the last occasion, our client was noticed by security and Victoria Police were called. Our client made full admissions to police and apologised profusely for her behaviour.
Once retained, we wrote lengthy representations to the police officer who charged our client, seeking a Diversion Notice on her behalf. We outlined our client’s remorse, her willingness to commence counselling in relation to the offending and noted she had almost completed a law degree.
Initially, the officer involved did not agree that Diversion would be suitable for our client, as she had committed the offence on a number of occasions. In his view, the matter was too serious for Diversion to be offered by Victoria Police.
We disagreed. We worked with our client to prepare character reference material and again sought a Diversion Notice from the police officer in her matter. Finally, he agreed to offer her a Diversion Notice, on the condition she makes a donation to a local charity.
One week later we attended with our client at the Melbourne Magistrates’ Court for her Diversion Hearing. We made submissions to the Magistrate and our client was ultimately granted a Diversion Plan which continued for six months.
That period of time has now passed. The client paid her donation to charity and now has no indication on her criminal record that she was ever charged by Victoria Police.
DISCLAIMER: This is a case study of an actual matter where the client was represented by Armstrong Legal. Details relating to the client have been changed to protect their confidentiality. The outcome, charges and facts have not been altered.
Our case studies are published to show real outcomes and give an indication of possible results. We cannot, and do not, guarantee a matter involving similar charges will get an identical outcome.
If you require legal advice or representation in any legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
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