ACT Criminal Law
National Criminal Law
NSW Criminal Law
QLD Criminal Law
VIC Criminal Law
WA Criminal Law
My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Youth Detention (NSW)
In New South Wales youth detention centres are known as youth justice centres. There are six of these centres in NSW and they house young people who have been refused bail or sentenced to youth detention. In the second quarter of 2019, there were 8,837 juveniles serving sentences in detention in New Sotuh Wales. There were also 4,566 young people being remanded in youth detention. The Children (Detention Centres) Act 1987, sets out the procedures for young people being held in detention centres in NSW and how children are to be treated in detention.
Age of criminal liability
In New South Wales the minimum age of criminal liability is 10. This means that children under ten cannot be charged with an offence. If a child below ten does something that would be a criminal offence if an older person did it, it must be dealt with ooutside of the criminal justice system, such as through counselling and parental discipline.
There has long been controversy around whether the age of criminal liability in Australia is too low. Human rights advocates say the low age of criminal liability leads to disadvantaged children being unnecessarily criminalised, with serious implications for their adult lives. Others argue that children commit serious crimes and need to be adewautely punished
Children aged between 10 and 18 can be charged with offences and when this occurs, the matter is generally heard by the Children’s Court. If the matters is a serious indictable offence, it will need to proceed to a committal hearing and subsequently finalised in the District COurt or Supreme Court.
Alternatives to youth detention
The courts must only sentence a juvenile offender to detention only if no other sentence is appropriate in the circumstances. This is because rehabilitation is the paramount consideration when sentencing a juvenile offender. Non-custodial sentences for juveniles include good behaviour bonds, fines and community-based orders.
Offenders under 21 and youth detention
Section 19 of the Children (Criminal Proceedings) Act 1987 allows NSW courts that are sentencing a defendant who is under 21 to order that all or part of the sentence is to be served as a juvenile. If the person is aged over 18 but under 21, this may be done because there are special circumstances that justify the young person’s detention as a juvenile offender. This may be because they are vulnerable because of illness or disability, because the only programs that are suited to their needs are those available in youth detention or because there would be an unacceptable risk to them if they were put in adult prison.
Bail or remand?
When a young person is charged with an offence, they can be granted bail by the police. If the police refuse a young person bail, the person must be brought before a court as soon as possible – this may be the same day or the following day. If the court grants the young person bail, they are released conditionally, until the matter comes back before the court and is finalised or adjourned (with bail continuing). If the young person is refused bail, they are held in a youth detention centre until their matter is finalised (or until the court grants them bail).
Bail will generally be granted if the young person is not considered to pose a risk to the community and where the court is confident that the person will attend court when required to do so. Bail can be granted with extra conditions such as a curfew, or a requirement that the young person attend school, not have contact with co-offenders or abstain from alcohol.
Section 28 of the Bail Act 2013 allows the court to impose an accommodation requirement where the person being granted bail is a child. This means suitable arrangements have to be made for the person’s accommodation before they can be released on bail. In practice, this often means that homeless young people are denied bail because they do not have k suitable accommodation. This provision and its discriminatory effect have attracted criticism recently.
Release from youth detention on parole
When a young person is sentenced to a period of youth detention, the court may set a non-parole period. When a young person who has had a non-parole period set becomes eligible for parole, they can apply for parole to the Parole Authority. The Parole Authority will decide whether the young person can safely be released into the community. If parole is granted to a young person, supervision and conditions appropriate to their circumstances will be imposed.
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Australia is a signatory to the internation Convention on the Rights of the Child (CROC). Article 37 of the CROC states that a child deprived of their liberty must be treated with respect and in a way consistent with the needs of persons of their age. It also states that children who are detained must be held separately from adult prisoners. The CROC also provides that children who are detained must have access to prompt legal assistance and other assistance.
If you require legal advice or representation in a criminal law matter or in any other legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
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