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My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Cruelty To Animals (WA)
In Western Australia, laws relating to keeping or working with animals are contained the Animal Welfare Act 2002. The Act sets out animal cruelty offences and penalties, and grants investigation powers to the RSPCA and Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development.
The offence of animal cruelty
Section 19 of the Act makes animal cruelty an offence which carries a minimum penalty of $2000 fine and a maximum penalty of a $50,000 fine and imprisonment for 5 years. A person is cruel to an animal if the person:
- tortures, mutilates, maliciously beats of wounds, abuses, torments or otherwise ill-treats the animal;
- uses a prescribed inhumane device (such as jawed traps, sharpened spurs or electric-shock devices) on the animal;
- intentionally or recklessly poisons the animal;
- does any prescribed act to, or in relation to, the animal;
- in any other way, causes the animal unnecessary harm.
Harm includes injury, pain and distress evidenced by severe, abnormal physiological or behavioural reactions.
A person is also cruel to an animal if the animal is:
- transported in a way that causes, or is likely to cause, the animal unnecessary harm;
- confined, restrained or caught in a way that is prescribed, or causes or is likely to cause unnecessary harm;
- is worked, driven, ridden or other otherwise used when it is not fit for this or has been over-used; or in a way that causes, or is likely to cause, the animal unnecessary harm.
An animal cruelty offence is also committed when the animal:
- is not provided with proper and sufficient food or water;
- is not provided with shelter, shade and other protection from weather as is reasonably necessary to ensure its welfare, safety and health;
- is abandoned, where it is normally kept or elsewhere;
- is subjected to prescribed surgery or similar operation, practice or activity;
- suffers harm which could be reasonably avoided;
- suffers harm as a result of a prescribed activity;
- is, in any other way, caused unnecessary harm.
If a person is found in possession of an item intended to be used to inflict cruelty on an animal, the person is liable for a maximum penalty of a $20,000 fine and imprisonment for one year.
Shooting, hunting or fighting captive animals
Section 32 of the Act makes engaging in a prohibited activity a criminal offence that carries a minimum penalty of $2000 fine and a maximum penalty of a $50,000 fine and imprisonment for 5 years. A prohibited activity is an activity that involves releasing an animal or placing the animal somewhere for the purpose of enabling it to be:
- shot at, by a firearm or other weapon;
- hunted by a person or another animal;
- fought by a person or another animal;
- chased by another animal, other than an animal of the same species.
A person engages in a prohibited activity if they participate, spectate, organise, promote, host, keep an animal for it, or encourage an animal to take part.
Use of animals for scientific purposes
The use of animals for scientific purposes is banned unless the person or scientific centre has a licence that authorises such use, and the centre’s ethics committee has granted approval to use the animals. The maximum penalty is a $50,000 fine or imprisonment for 5 years. The same penalty applies to a person who supplies animals for use for scientific purposes without a licence that authorises this.
Defences to animal cruelty
There are some instances where a person’s actions will not constitute animal cruelty. Here are some examples:
Self-defence or protection
A person does not commit an animal cruelty offence if they can prove their actions were needed to defend themselves or another person from an animal that was attacking or threatening to attack them. This defence does not apply if a person enters or tries to enter a place or vehicle to commit an unlawful act, and the animal is in the place or vehicle, or is a guard animal. It also does not apply if the person provoked or threatened the animal, or if the animal is one used by police, or an officer at customs, quarantine, or a prison.
It is a defence if the person was veterinary surgeon providing the animal with care in line with generally accepted veterinary practices.
Normal animal husbandry
It is a defence if the person can prove the act was done humanely in a generally accepted animal husbandry practice, at a farm, zoo or wildlife park, or animal breeding establishment.
It is a defence if a person was trying to kill pests and in a way that was generally accepted as usual and reasonable, and took care not to harm any non-pest animals.
Stock fending for itself
It is a defence if the animal were a type of stock animal ordinarily left to roam on a farm which could reasonably support all animals roaming on it.
Release into the wild
It is a defence if a person released an animal into the wild and reasonably expected the animal to be able to fend for itself.
For advice or representation in any legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
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