ACT Criminal Law
National Criminal Law
NSW Criminal Law
QLD Criminal Law
VIC Criminal Law
WA Criminal Law
With a cramped time frame, she did in 3 days what another firm dilly-dallied for 7 months. Lisa kept me informed. Helena made me feel comfortable in a sticky situation.
I will definitely be using your company in the future if needed. Lisa kept me at ease also there were no grey areas with great advice. Helana is a great front of house.
My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
In New South Wales it is an offence to cause injury to the genitals of a girl or woman. This offence is known as female genital mutilation.
What is female genital mutilation?
The offence of Female Genital Mutilation prohibits excising (cutting out), infibulating (sewing up) or otherwise mutilating certain parts of the female anatomy for a non-medical purpose. The term “otherwise mutilates” has been defined as “any injury to any extent for a non-medical purpose”.
Causing injury to a girl or woman’s genitals is prohibited under all circumstances, except where it is required for medical reasons such as child birth or sexual reassignment. It is not a defence if the girl or woman consents to or asks for the injury to be inflicted.
A person can be charged with this offence if they perform, or have someone else perform, a religious ceremony or any other act where a woman or girl’s genitals are injured. Examples include where a girl or woman’s genitals are wholly or partially removed, cut, stitched up or bruised.
It is also an offence to take a child overseas for the purpose of performing female genital mutilation or having female genital mutilation performed on them.
The maximum penalty for the offence of female genital mutilation is 21 years imprisonment.
The Offence of Female Genital Mutilation
The offence of Female Genital Mutilation is contained in section 45(1) of the Crimes Act 1900 and states:
A person who:
- excises, infibulates or otherwise mutilates the whole or any part of the labia majora or labia minora or clitoris of another person, or
- aids, abets, counsels or procures a person to perform any of those acts on another person,
is liable to imprisonment for 21 years.
What Actions Might Constitute the Offence of Female Genital Mutilation
Examples of Female Genital Mutilation include:
- Having a doctor cut out a baby girl’s clitoris;
- Taking your daughter overseas to have a nurse circumcise them by removing part or all of the clitoris;
- Asking your gynaecologist to perform a religious ceremony where a small cut is inflicted on your genitals;
What the Police Must Prove
To convict a person of female genital mutilation the prosecution must prove each of the following matters beyond a reasonable doubt:
- That you did an act or that you aided, abetted, counselled or procured someone else to do an act;
- The act involved part of the female anatomy being excised, infibulated or mutilated (injured to any extent); and
- The part of the female anatomy was the labia majora, labia minora or clitoris.
Possible Defences to female genital mutilation
The common ways to defend this charge are:
- To argue that part of the female anatomy was not excised, infibulated or mutilated;
- To argue that it was not the labia majora, labia minora or clitoris that was excised, infibulated or mutilated; or
Which Court Will Hear Your Matter?
The charge is strictly indictable which means that the matter will be finalised the District Court or Supreme Court.
If you require legal advice or representation in any legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
Money laundering is an act or acts that conceal the fact that money is the proceeds of crime. The Crimes…
In New South Wales it is an offence to escape or try to escape from lawful custody, which is covered…
The right to freedom of political expression is protected under the Australian constitution. This includes taking part in peaceful protests.…
201 Elizabeth Street
Sydney NSW 2000
575 Bourke Street
Melbourne VIC 3000
91 North Quay
Brisbane QLD 4000
Nishi, 2 Phillip Law Street
Canberra ACT 2601
22 St Georges Terrace Perth