ACT Criminal Law
National Criminal Law
NSW Criminal Law
QLD Criminal Law
VIC Criminal Law
WA Criminal Law
With a cramped time frame, she did in 3 days what another firm dilly-dallied for 7 months. Lisa kept me informed. Helena made me feel comfortable in a sticky situation.
I will definitely be using your company in the future if needed. Lisa kept me at ease also there were no grey areas with great advice. Helana is a great front of house.
My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Fitness for Trial (NSW)
The Mental Health and Cognitive Impairment Forensic Provisions Act 2020 (NSW) was assented to in June 2020 and will replace the previous Mental Health (Forensic Provisions) Act 1990 (NSW). The new act will change the way the court system deals with defendants who have a mental health or cognitive impairment with the result that there is a question about their fitness for trial.
What is fitness for trial?
When a person is fit for trial this means they are capable of participating fully in the court process. This includes:
- understanding the court process;
- being able to give instructions to your lawyers;
- giving evidence in court;
- understanding what they are charged with;
- being able to plead to the charge; and
- understanding the proceeding for the purpose of determining whether they committed the offence they are charged with.
The enquiry into a person’s fitness to plead and stand trial concerns their mental condition at the time of the trial, not their mental condition at the time of the offence.
Anyone involved in the proceedings can question the defendant’s fitness to plead. This may be the defendant themselves, the prosecution or the court.
The issue of a person’s fitness to plead and stand trial can also be raised on more than one occasion.
The main question that will need to be asked by the court when a person with a mental or cognitive impairment is set to face trial is whether the defendant has the mental capacity to comprehend and fairly participate in the trial process.
The new statutory test of fitness for trial
The new Act establishes a statutory equivalent of the Presser test. The Presser test is the common law test for determining whether a person is fit to stand trial. This test enables the court—in a non-adversarial way—to look at whether a person can understand a trial, instruct lawyers and decide on a defence, among other things. The Presser test is an accepted way for courts to ascertain a person’s fitness for trial.
The changes to NSW law make these considerations from the Presser test explicit in a statutory test which states a person will be unfit to be tried if, because the person has a mental health impairment or a cognitive impairment, they cannot:
- Understand the offence
- Plead to the charge
- Understand the general nature of the proceedings as an inquiry as to whether the person committed the offence
- Make a defence or answer to the charge.
Part 4 of the Act deals with fitness for trial in the Supreme Court (including criminal proceedings within the summary jurisdiction of the Supreme Court) and the District Court.
Finding of unfitness by court
The Act also establishes new processes following a finding of unfitness. Currently, when a court finds a person unfit to be tried the defendant is referred to the tribunal. The tribunal also has a role in determining the defendant’s fitness to be tried and considers the likelihood of the person becoming fit to be tried within 12 months—that is, whether the person can be treated or supported to bring about fitness for trial. This means that even people with untreatable cognitive impairment such as dementia are referred to the tribunal for review, with their trial delayed for up to 12 months.
The new provisions remove unnecessary delay by enabling a court to decide firstly, whether a person is unfit for trial and secondly, whether a person may become fit for trial sometime in the future. This means that only individuals who may become fit for trial are referred to the tribunal. The removal of this delay removes unnecessary distress to the defendant and to victims of the defendant, as well as needless use of the resources of the tribunal.
Those unlikely to become fit for trial will be tried as soon as possible through the special hearings process, pending approval by the Director of Prosecutions. Special hearings are modified criminal trials that are held by the District Court or the Supreme Court when a person is not fit for trial. Special hearings are to occur as soon as practicable following advice from the Director of Public Prosecutions that they are to continue to prosecute, notwithstanding that the defendant is unfit to be tried.
If you require legal advice or representation in any legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
In New South Wales, a person accused of murder can use extreme provocation as a ‘partial defence’. If a person…
Intoxication is sometimes thought to be a criminal defence. Rather than a defence as such, intoxication by alcohol or drugs…
A criminal defence is an argument used to justify the actions of a person charged with a criminal offence. A…
201 Elizabeth Street
Sydney NSW 2000
575 Bourke Street
Melbourne VIC 3000
91 North Quay
Brisbane QLD 4000
Nishi, 2 Phillip Law Street
Canberra ACT 2601
22 St Georges Terrace Perth