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With a cramped time frame, she did in 3 days what another firm dilly-dallied for 7 months. Lisa kept me informed. Helena made me feel comfortable in a sticky situation.
I will definitely be using your company in the future if needed. Lisa kept me at ease also there were no grey areas with great advice. Helana is a great front of house.
My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Robbery Offences (Vic)
Robbery is known as a composite offence, meaning that it is both a property offence and a violent offence. In Victoria robbery is governed by the Crimes Act 1958.
Section 75 of the Victorian Crimes Act sets out the offence of robbery, which is committed when a person steals, where immediately before or at the time of stealing, they use force on a person or put a person in fear of being subjected to force.
In Victoria, robbery is punishable by a maximum penalty of 15 years imprisonment.
Under Section 75A of the Crimes Act, it is an offence to commit a robbery using a firearm, offensive weapon, imitation firearm, explosive or imitation explosive. This is punishable by a maximum penalty of 25 years imprisonment.
Elements of the offence of robbery
To prove that a person is guilty of a robbery or an armed robbery, the prosecution must prove the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt:
That the accused stole something.
To prove that a theft occurred, the accused must be proven to have dishonestly appropriated property belonging to someone else with the intention to permanently deprive the owner of it.
The accused used force or the fear of force.
The law does not set a minimum level of force required to constitute ‘force’ for the purpose of a robbery charge. It is also not required that the force be applied to the victim’s body; force may be applied to something the victim is carrying. To establish that the accused put someone in fear of the use of force the prosecution must prove that a threat of some sort was made. It will also require the victim to have feared the threat would be carried out on the spot (not in the future).
The accused used force before or at the time of the theft.
The force or fear of force must have been applied at the time of or before the theft. If force was applied only after the theft had occurred, the offence of robbery will not be made out.
The accused used force in order to commit a theft.
The accused must have threatened to use or used force in order to achieve the theft.
Defences to robbery
A person may validly defend a robbery charge in a number of ways. Defences that are available to a robbery or armed robbery charge include the defence of duress and immature age (where the accused is under 14). A robbery charge may also be contested on a factual basis such as mistaken identity.
It is also a defence to a robbery charge if the accused had an honest belief that he or she was the legal owner of the property as in such a case, no theft has occurred.
Robbery is an indictable offence. It can be heard in the higher courts but is often heard in the Magistrates Court by consent between the parties. In the Magistrates Court, the maximum penalty that can be imposed for a single charge is imprisonment for five years.
Armed robbery is a strictly indictable offence and must be heard in the County Court or Supreme Court on indictment.
When a matter is dealt with on indictment, it must first proceed through a committal hearing. The committal hearing will be held in the Magistrates Court if the accused is an adult and in the Children’s Court if they are a juvenile.
The purpose of a committal hearing is to test the prosecution case to establish whether the evidence is sufficient that the accused could be found guilty. If the evidence is found to be insufficient, the court will dismiss the charge.
According to the statistics released by the Sentencing Advisory Council, between 2011 and 2014, the majority of people sentenced for robbery in the Victorian Magistrates Court received sentences of actual imprisonment. However, a large percentage (around 32%) received a community-based order and a small number received other penalties, such as fines and suspended sentences. Most people sentenced to imprisonment for robbery offences received between 12 and 18 months.
In the higher courts, the majority of people sentenced for robbery received a sentence of imprisonment of between one and two years. Only a small minority of these offenders receive non-custodial sentences.
If you require legal advice or representation in a criminal matter or in any other legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
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