ACT Criminal Law
National Criminal Law
NSW Criminal Law
QLD Criminal Law
VIC Criminal Law
WA Criminal Law
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
In NSW, sexual assault carries a maximum penalty of 14 years imprisonment. aggravated sexual assault has a maximum penalty of 20 years whilst aggravated sexual assault in company has a maximum penalty of life imprisonment.
Sexual assault is an offence that would usually (but not always) result in full time imprisonment if a person is convicted. This is true even where a person has no previous convictions.
The Offence of Sexual Assault
The offence of Sexual Assault is contained in section 61I of the Crimes Act 1900 which states:
Any person who has sexual intercourse with another person without the consent of the other person and who knows that the other person does not consent to the sexual intercourse is liable to imprisonment for 14 years.
In other words, this means:
- Sexual intercourse
- Without the other person’s consent
- Knowing the other person does not consent
What is sexual intercourse?
Sexual intercourse means:
- Penetration of the vagina or anus of a person using a body part or an object or
- Oral sex
What does consent mean?
Consent in relation to sexual assault offences is defined in the Crimes Act 1900.
The law explains the first person knows that second person is not consenting even if the first person is just reckless as to whether the second person is consenting. This includes circumstances where a person does not know if the second person is consenting, realises they might not be consenting, but goes ahead anyway.
The law also says that a person is taken to “know” that the other person is not consenting if the first person has no reasonable grounds upon which to conclude that the other person was consenting.
What Actions Might Constitute Sexual Assault?
Sexual Intercourse is defined in section 61HA of the Act. This section states that sexual intercourse means:
- (a) sexual connection occasioned by the penetration to any extent of the genitalia (including a surgically constructed vagina) of a female person or the anus of any person by:
- any part of the body of another person, or
- any object manipulated by another person, except where the penetration is carried out for proper medical purposes, or
except where the penetration is carried out for proper medical purposes, or
- (b) sexual connection occasioned by the introduction of any part of the penis of a person into the mouth of another person, or
- (c) cunnilingus, or
- (d) the continuation of sexual intercourse as defined in paragraph (a), (b) or (c).
Consent is addressed at length in section 61HE of the Act. This section provides: “A person consents to a sexual activity if the person freely and voluntarily agrees to the sexual activity.”
The remaining subsections detail scenarios in which a person is deemed to know that there is no consent from another, circumstances in which an alleged victim cannot consent or circumstances where the alleged victim is deemed to have not consented.
For example, an alleged offender is taken to know that there is no consent from the other person if they are reckless as to whether there is consent or if they have no reasonable grounds to believe that the other person is consenting.
This section states that the Judge or Jury must have regard to all the circumstances of the case, including steps taken to ascertain whether or not there is consent to make this determination.
It is important to note that the Judge or Jury cannot take into account your self-induced intoxication in determining whether or not you reasonably believed that the other person had consented to sexual activity.
This section also lists a series of circumstances in which a person cannot consent to sexual activity, for example, if they do not have the capacity to consent, if they are asleep or unconscious or they are under threats of force or terror.
This section also provides that a person who consents to sexual activity but does so under a mistaken belief is not taken to have consented. for example, if the alleged victim believes that you are another person or that the sexual activity is for health or hygienic purposes.
What the police must prove
To convict you of Sexual Assault, the prosecution must prove each of the following matters beyond a reasonable doubt:
- You had sexual intercourse with another person
- That person did not consent
- You knew that person did not consent
Possible ways to defend a charge of Sexual Assault in New South Wales are:
- Denying that sexual intercourse occurred
- Claiming there was consent
- Claiming that there was a reasonable belief that there was consent
Which court will hear your matter?
This matter is strictly indictable, meaning it will be finalised in the District or Supreme Court.
It is an offence to possess a sex doll (or other object) that looks like or resembles a child. The…
Upskirting is the common name for taking a photograph or video up a woman's skirt. This might be done, for…
In NSW it is an offence under the Crimes Act 1900 Section 91R to threaten to record or share an…
201 Elizabeth Street
Sydney NSW 2000
575 Bourke Street
Melbourne VIC 3000
91 North Quay
Brisbane QLD 4000
Nishi, 2 Phillip Law Street
Canberra ACT 2601
22 St Georges Terrace Perth