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My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Intentionally Causing Grievous Bodily Harm
In NSW, the charge of intentionally causing grievous bodily harm carries a maximum penalty of 25 years imprisonment. A person is charged with this offence if they assault someone with the intent to cause, and do cause, a very serious injury.
The Offence Of Intent To Cause Grievous Bodily Harm
The offence of intentionally causing grievous bodily harm (GBH) is contained in section 33 of the Crimes Act 1900 which states:
“A person who: (a) wounds any person), or (b) causes grievous bodily harm to any person, with intent to cause grievous bodily harm to that or any other person is guilty of an offence.”
The maximum penalty for an offence under this section is imprisonment for 25 years.
What is grievous bodily harm?
The Crimes Act defines GBH as ‘any permanent or serious disfiguring of the person, the destruction of a foetus and any grievous bodily disease’. The law requires the injury to be ‘really serious’, but not necessarily permanent, long lasting or life threatening. Whether an injury amounts to GBH is to be determined by the court on a case by case basis.
The prosecution and defence regularly disagree on whether a particular injury actually amounts to GBH or whether it falls within the scope of the less serious charge of assault occasioning actual bodily harm. This issue is then determined by the court.
Some examples of injuries that the court has found to constitute GBH include:
- Brain damage;
- Jaw and skull fractures;
- Infecting someone with HIV;
- Severe lacerations that require a large number of stitches, nerve reconstruction and/or surgery;
- Causing a mother to lose her foetus; and
- Facial fractures and laceration of the right ear requiring steel plates and screws, causing ongoing headaches and continuing treatment.
Some examples of injuries that the court has found to not constitute GBH include:
- Uncomplicated fractures of the arms or legs;
- Facial fractures which require minor surgery with relatively short recover times; and
- Cuts and lacerations.
What Actions Might Constitute Intent To Cause Grievous Bodily Harm?
When considering what grievous bodily harm means, it is important to look at the ordinary meaning of each of the words. In essence, grievous bodily harm refers to a really serious injury. Section 4(1) of the Crimes Act 1900 extends the definition to include any permanent or serious disfiguring of the person, the destruction of a foetus, and any grievous bodily disease.
In relation to the inclusion of ‘grievous bodily disease’, in NSW, individuals who knowingly infect others with HIV can be charged under this section.
It is necessary for the Prosecution to prove, beyond reasonable doubt, that you intended to cause grievous bodily harm. If the Prosecution are unable to prove that your intentions went so far, the more appropriate charge is ‘Recklessly cause Grievous Bodily Harm’ under section 35 of the Crimes Act 1900.
What Court will hear your matter?
The charge is strictly indictable which means that it will be finalised in the District or Supreme Court.
What must the prosecution prove?
To be convicted of the offence, the prosecution must establish beyond a reasonable doubt that:
- The accused caused a person to sustain an injury;
- That the injury amounted to grievous bodily harm; and
- The accused intended to cause grievous bodily harm.
Can I defend a charge of Intentionally Cause Grievous Bodily Harm?
A person charged with intentionally causing grievous bodily harm can rely on the defence of self-defence. For this defence to succeed, the accused must have believed on reasonable grounds that theiur actions were necessary to defend themself or another person from an attack. What is reasonable in the circumstacnes depends on the nature of the threat faced and the accused’s personal characteristis, such as their age, sex and size.
A person charged with the offence could also rely on the defence of duress, if they were essentailly ‘forced’ to commit the offence by another person making serious threats to them or to another person if they did not comply.
What is a standard non-parole period?
Certain offences in New South Wales have a standard non-parole period. Intentionally causing grievous bodily harm is one of them. A standard non-parole period is a set period of time that a person must spend in prison before they can be released to parole prior to their sentence ending. The court uses the standard period as a starting point when determining the sentence for someone convicted of intent to cause grievous bodily harm. The court then looks at whether there are reasons to set a shorter or longer period.
What is the standard non-parole period for Intent to Cause Grievous Bodily Harm?
The standard non-parole period for intentionally cause grievous bodily harm under s 33 of the Crimes Act is 7 years.
If you require legal advice or representation in any legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
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