ACT Criminal Law
National Criminal Law
NSW Criminal Law
QLD Criminal Law
VIC Criminal Law
WA Criminal Law
My legal matter concerning an application for a Domestic Violence Order was managed by Mr Thomas Allen. I am grateful for the outcome he obtained. Without Mr Allen and his ongoing support, I would be certain of a different result. It has been an extremely stressful period. Mr Allen’s astute ability to liaise on my behalf and his expertise was invaluable and for which I am grateful as I am now able to move forward. Thanking you
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Armstrong Legal and specifically Mr Thomas Allen for representing me in my recent case. At the outset, I would like to thank Mr Allen for the very professional delivery of his legal service. From the first time that I met Mr Allen, I was very impressed with his demeanour and delivery as he made me feel at ease knowing the severity of my case. Mr Allen not only gave me the possible positive outcomes of the case but also the realisation of the worst-case scenario as far as sentencing goes. … I will certainly be recommending Armstrong Legal to any of my friends or family needing representation in criminal matters. Thank you so very much.
Thank you for your representation and help. Fingers crossed for the next step and parole. I just want to say that from the first phone call to your office, your service has been outstanding and have put my mind at ease. I am glad I picked your number to ring.
Thank you Armstrong Legal, the lawyers that have helped over the past 3 years but more importantly, thank you to Thomas Allen for the major part you and Mr Buckland played. Cannot thank you enough. Cheers.
Hi all. I would like to thank Ms Lisa Riley for all her help with my legal issues this past month. It was the most harrowing experience of my life and thanks to her expertise, professionalism and knowledge of the law, I came out almost unscathed. I have no hesitation in recommending Lisa Riley and Armstrong Legal if you need help. The service is amazing and the cost was very minimal for the great outcome. Thank you Lisa for helping me in the most difficult time.
I just want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. My whole life I was thrown away, you made me feel like I did mean something. I could not have asked for a better lawyer. Your compassion and love for your job is inspiring. Your upfront and honesty were muchly appreciated, you are a beautiful person. Thank you for not giving up on me and thank you for all the work you put in. I wish you all the best for the future and I will be recommending you to everyone I know. You're amazing!!!!
I just wanted to thank you for representing me on Monday, I was overjoyed & relieved with the outcome. I don’t think it could have gone any better. All the best, I hope you got to celebrate this one instead after work, you forever made a difference in my life.
I know I thanked you before we parted company but please allow me to reiterate in writing my sincere deepest thanks for defending me in court today. … Armstrong Legal certainly has a great Lawyer you are a credit to the company and I'm quite sure you will secure a very successful future! … My Kindest Regards and Thanks
Throughout Angela has been the consummate professional. She maintained a calm, yet strong demeanour remained informative and completely open in her communication and took complete ownership of the situation. We felt confident we finally had an advocate to steer us out of the nightmare we were in, and she did so with great respect and sincerity. I cannot speak more highly of Angela. She has literally rescued our family from what looked very much like a hopeless future.
Words can’t describe how grateful I am to Trudie Cameron being my solicitor and to Andrew Tiedt presenting my case in the court. They both have been very supportive and amazingly professional and effective. I’ve got an absolutely fantastic outcome I couldn’t even dream about.
Soon after meeting Andrew I knew he was the solicitor I wanted to handle my matter. He immediately sprang into action which brought me stability and hope during a tumultuous time in my life. Andrew was never afraid to give me straight answers to my tough questions which is a true mark of integrity. He is clearly at ease in the court environment and I believe his calm and measured demeanour went a long way to helping me secure the best result from my day in court. I would certainly recommend you approach Andrew if you need assistance.
"Andrew Tiedt was very professional and considerate to personal circumstances and gave sound advice that resulted in the best outcome possible. Highly recommended."
Summary Offences (NSW)
Summary offences are minor criminal offences that are heard in the Local Court in New South Wales. The maximum penalty a magistrate can impose for a single summary offence is two years imprisonment, though many summary offences carry a maximum penalty of a fine only. Many summary offences are governed by the Summary Offences Act, such as offensive conduct and indecent exposure. They also include traffic offences, drink driving and minor drug offences.
Some indictable offences can be heard summarily (as a summary offence in the Local Court) if both defence and prosecution agree to this. Summary offences are dealt with much quicker and less formally than indictable offences, which must be dealt with in the District Court or the Supreme Court in NSW.
Summons or arrest for summary offences?
When a person in NSW is charged with a summary offence, they are generally summonsed to appear before the Local Court (or the Children’s Court if they are under 18). If a person does not attend court in response to a summons, a warrant for their arrest will generally issue.
In some circumstances, an accused may be arrested. However, this usually only happens where the person is also charged with more serious offences as well.
Entering a plea to summary offences
When an accused attends court for a summary offence, they can choose to finalise the matter by pleading guilty and being sentenced on the same day or to adjourn the matter to obtain legal advice and prepare their case.
If the accused pleads guilty, a magistrate will sentence them. The sentence may be a good behaviour bond, a fine, a community-based order, a term of imprisonment (or detention if they are under 18) or a combination of two or more of these orders.
If the accused wants to contest the charges, they will have to attend court on at least two more occasions, to attend a contest mention and then a contested hearing. The brief of evidence will be served by the prosecution and reviewed by the defence.
If the matter is proceeding to a contested hearing, the court will be informed of what issues are in dispute, how many witnesses will be giving evidence and how long the hearing is likely to take. It should also be alerted to any practical issues, such as whether parties or witnesses require interpreters or whether any witness needs to give evidence by video-link.
Summary Offences Act
Offences under the Summary Offences Act can only be dealt with in the Local Court (for adults) or in the Children’s Court (for juveniles). Although they are less serious than indictable offences, they can still result in imprisonment and the recording of a conviction, which generally stays on the offender’s criminal record for life. In some circumstances, a person may be able to obtain a Section 10 dismissal or conditional release order after a person has been found guilty, meaning no criminal conviction is recorded against them.
Under section 14 of the Crimes (Domestic and Personal Violence) Act 2007 it is a summary offence to contravene an apprehended violence order. This offence is punishable by up to two years imprisonment.
There are also many offences relating to domestic violence, such as assault and sexual assault, which are indictable offences that carry much harsher penalties when they are dealt with in the higher courts.
Offences under the Road Transport Act 2013 are also summary offences. These include offences like speeding, drink driving, failing to stop after an accident and dangerous driving. Some of these offences can be dealt with by infringement notice, rather than by a court. Many driving offences attract licence suspensions as well as fines and imprisonment.
Offences under Part 2 Division 1 of the New South Wales Drug Misuse and Trafficking Act 1985 are summary offences. These include possession of drugs, sale and supply of ice pipes, self-administration of prohibited drugs and possession of equipment for the administration of drugs.
These offences can attract a fine of up to 20 penalty units or a term of imprisonment of up to two years.
Summary offences are also contained in the Electoral Act 2007. These include electoral bribery, failing to vote, obstructing access to a voting centre and multiple voting.
These offences are punishable by way of a fine only.
If you require legal advice or representation in a summary offences matter or in any other legal matter, please contact Armstrong Legal.
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