Assistance to Authorities
There are two main kinds of assistance that a person can provide – confessing to an offence police did not know about, or providing police with evidence against a second person.
Confessing to police
The case of Ellis (1986) 6 NSWLR involved an offender who had committed a number of armed robberies on post offices and commercial premises. After confessing to a minister of religion, he decided to contact a solicitor and then confessed his involvement to police.
The court said that “the disclosure of an otherwise unknown guilt merits a significant added element of leniency, the degree of which will vary according to the likelihood of that guilt being discovered by the law enforcement authorities, as well as guilt being established against the person concerned.”
In other words, you should get a big discount for informing police about your actions when they had no reason to suspect you had done anything wrong. However, the size of discount will depend on how likely you were to be discovered without having made the confession.
There are other benefits in going to police on your own terms. You can avoid the embarrassing situation of being arrested in front of your family and co-workers. Additionally, you will be far more likely to either get bail to be granted bail on far more favourable terms.
You need to think carefully about all these factors before you go to police and confess involvement in a serious criminal matter. If you are planning on confessing, it is best to do so as soon as possible, in order to ensure that the matter is before a court before a complaint is made to police and the opportunity evaporates.
By making the decision to turn yourself in, you can arrange for a lawyer to attend the police station with you, following discussions about the best way to approach the police, and what you are likely to be charged with.
It is important to talk to a lawyer who can give you accurate, relevant advice about how you can obtain the best discount for your honest admission of guilt.
Providing assistance to police
Section 23 of the Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999 indicates that the Court may impose a lesser penalty than it would otherwise oppose if the offender has assisted the authorities in the prevention, detection or investigation… of the offence concerned or any other offence.
What this means in short is that if you provide police assistance, usually by giving them names of other people involved in your offence or other offences that you know of, your sentence can be drastically reduced.
In deciding how much to reduce the sentence by, the court takes into account various factors including usefulness of the information, the nature and extent of the assistance, the truthfulness of the information given and any danger or risk that giving the information exposes you to.
It should be said, however, that providing the assistance is a very tricky proposition. To ensure that you get the full benefit for providing the assistance, and to ensure that your rights are protected, it is essential that you are carefully advised and able to maintain control of the situation.
It is important that you speak to an experienced criminal lawyer and obtain advice in relation to any assistance that you may want to provide to ensure that you gain maximum benefit from doing so.
WHERE TO NEXT?
If you suspect that you may be under investigation, or if you have been charged with an offence, it is vital to get competent legal advice as early as possible. Our lawyers are highly specialised in corporate crime and will be able to guide you through the process while dealing with the various authorities related to your matter.