Hindering an Investigation
In NSW, Hindering an Investigation carries a maximum penalty of 7 years imprisonment. Hindering an investigation can be done by way of hindering the discovery of evidence or the apprehension of a person as well as the investigation itself.
In NSW, a court can impose any of the following penalties for this charge.
- Prison Sentence
- Home Detention
- Intensive Corrections Order (ICO)
- Suspended Sentence
- Community Service Order (CSO)
- Community Corrections Orders (CCO)
- Good Behaviour Bond
- Section 10A
- Conditional Release Order (CRO)
- Section 10
The Offence of Hindering an Investigation:
The offence of Hindering an Investigation is contained in section 315 of the Crimes Act 1900 which states: A person who does anything intending in any way to hinder:
- the investigation of a serious indictable offence committed by another person, or
- the discovery of evidence concerning a serious indictable offence committed by another person, or
- the apprehension of another person who has committed a serious indictable offence,
is liable to imprisonment for 7 years.
What Actions Might Constitute “Hindering an Investigation”?
- Hiding someone who is the subject of a criminal investigation;
- Pretending to be the person who committed the crime to allow someone else to escape conviction;
- Hiding evidence of an offence, for example, a weapon that was used to assault someone
What the Police Must Prove:
To convict you of Hindering an Investigation the prosecution must prove each of the following matters beyond a reasonable doubt:
- That you did any act;
- Intending in any way to hinder:
- The investigation of a serious indictable offence committed by another person;
- The discovery of evidence concerning a serious indictable offence committed by another person; or
- The apprehension of another person who has committed a serious indictable offence
A serious indictable offence is an offence that is punishable by a term of five years imprisonment or more.
Possible Defences for Hindering an Investigation:
Possible defences to a Hindering an Investigation charge could include arguing:
- that you did not intend to hinder an investigation, discovery of evidence or the apprehension of a person; or
- maintaining your innocence that you did not do the act that is alleged.
You could also raise necessity or duress as a reason for your conduct.
Which Court Will Hear Your Matter?
Hindering an Investigation is a Table 1 offence and is to be dealt with by the Local Court, unless you or the prosecution elect for the matter to be heard in the District Court on indictment. The summary disposal of these offences in the Local Court carries a maximum penalty of two years imprisonment.
Types of Penalties:
Home Detention: As a result of amended legislation this penalty was repealed on 24 September 2018 as a standalone order but may be imposed as a condition of an Intensive Corrections Order (ICO). Home detention is an alternative to full-time imprisonment. In effect the gaol sentence is served at your address rather than in a gaol. If you receive a sentence of home detention you will be strictly supervised and subject to electronic monitoring. Read more.
Intensive Corrections Order (ICO): This option has replaced periodic detention. The court can order you to comply with a number of conditions, such as attending counselling or treatment, not consuming alcohol, complying with a curfew and performing community service. Read more.
Suspended Sentence: As a result of amended legislation this penalty was repealed on 24 September 2018. This is a jail sentence that is suspended upon you entering into a good behaviour bond. Provided the terms of the good behaviour bond are obeyed the jail sentence will not come into effect. A suspended sentence is only available for sentences of imprisonment of up to two years. Read more.
Community Service Order (CSO): As a result of amended legislation this penalty was repealed on 24 September 2018 and replaced with a Community Corrections Order (CCO). This involves either unpaid work in the community at a place specified by probation and parole or attendance at a centre to undertake a course, such as anger management. In order to be eligible for a CSO you have to be assessed by an officer of the probation service as suitable to undertake the order. Read more.
Good Behaviour Bond: As a result of amended legislation this penalty was repealed on 24 September 2018 and replaced with a Community Corrections Order (CCO). This is an order of the court that requires you to be of good behaviour for a specified period of time. The court will impose conditions that you will have to obey during the term of the good behaviour bond. The maximum duration of a good behaviour bond is five years. Read more.
Community Corrections Orders (CCO): A CCO involves the standard conditions that an offender must not commit any offence and that the offender must appear before the court if called on to do so at any time during the term of the Community Corrections Orders (CCO). Additional conditions may be imposed at the discretion of the court, both at the time of sentence and subsequently upon application by a community corrections officer, juvenile justice officer or the offender. Read more.
Conditional Release Order (CRO): A CRO involves the standard conditions that an offender must not commit any offence and that the offender must appear before the court if called on to do so at any time during the term of the CRO. Read more.
Section 10 avoiding a criminal record. Normally, when you plead guilty to a criminal offence, the court imposes a penalty and records a conviction. If the court records a conviction, you will have a criminal record. However, if we can convince the court not to convict you, there will be no penalty of any type and no criminal record. In all criminal cases, the court has the discretion not to convict you, but to give you a Section 10 dismissal instead. Read more.
WHERE TO NEXT?
If you suspect that you may be under investigation, or if you have been charged with an offence, it is vital to get competent legal advice as early as possible. Our lawyers are highly specialised in criminal law and will be able to guide you through the process while dealing with the various authorities related to your matter.