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In NSW, Kidnapping can carry a maximum penalty of 14 to 25 years imprisonment depending on the offence is ‘aggravated’, or ‘specially aggravated’. People are typically charged with this offence when they detain someone without their consent.
In NSW, a court can impose any of the following penalties for an kidnapping charge.
The offence of Kidnapping is contained in section 86(1) of the Crimes Act 1900 which states:
A person who takes or detains a person, without the person’s consent:
is liable to imprisonment for 14 years.
The offence is aggravated if it is committed in the company of another person or persons, or if actual bodily harm was occasioned to the alleged victim at the time of, or immediately before or after the kidnapping. The maximum penalty is 20 years in these circumstances.
The offence is specially aggravated if it is committed in both the company of another person or persons, and if actual bodily harm was occasioned to the alleged victim at the time of, or immediately before or after the kidnapping. The maximum penalty is 25 years in these circumstances.
To convict you of the basic kidnapping charge in section 86(1), the police must prove each of the following matters beyond a reasonable doubt:
To convict you of the aggravated charge, they must also prove either of the following:
To convict you of the specially aggravated charge, they must prove both of the following:
Possible defences to a kidnapping charge include but are not limited to:
This matter is strictly indictable which means that it can only be finalised in the District Court.
Intensive correction order (ICO): This option has replaced periodic detention. The court can order you to comply with a number of conditions, such as attending counselling or treatment, not consuming alcohol, complying with a curfew and performing community service. Read more.
Suspended sentence: This is a jail sentence that is suspended upon you entering into a good behaviour bond. Provided the terms of the good behaviour bond are obeyed the jail sentence will not come into effect. A suspended sentence is only available for sentences of imprisonment of up to two years. Read more.
Community service order (CSO): This involves either unpaid work in the community at a place specified by probation and parole or attendance at a centre to undertake a course, such as anger management. In order to be eligible for a CSO you have to be assessed by an officer of the probation service as suitable to undertake the order. Read more.
Good behaviour bond: This is an order of the court that requires you to be of good behaviour for a specified period of time. The court will impose conditions that you will have to obey during the term of the good behaviour bond. The maximum duration of a good behaviour bond is five years. Read more.
Section 10: avoiding a criminal record. Normally, when you plead guilty to a criminal offence, the court imposes a penalty and records a conviction. If the court records a conviction, you will have a criminal record. However, if we can convince the court not to convict you, there will be no penalty of any type and no criminal record. In all criminal cases, the court has the discretion not to convict you, but to give you a Section 10 dismissal instead. Read more.
If you suspect that you may be under investigation, or if you have been charged with an offence, it is vital to get competent legal advice as early as possible. Our lawyers are highly specialised in criminal law and will be able to guide you through the process while dealing with the various authorities related to your matter.